The central feature of the Old Town is the spacious Old Town Square with a series of charming old houses
on the south and east sides. The north side is dominated by the massive monument of the reformer Jan Hus
. The most important buildings on the square are the Town Hall
with the astronomical clock (15th
century) on the tower and the Church of St. Nicholas
, an outstanding example of the 18th
century Baroque. To be mentioned there are also Goltz-Kinsky Palace, Gothic Tyn Church
and the house where famous writer Franz Kafka was born.
Not far from the Old Town Square stands in Baroque remodelled St. James Church
with richly furnished interior and the Estates Theatre
from 1738 - the scene of the world premiere of Mozart's "Don Giovanni". Facing the theatre is the Carolinum
, historical building of the Charles University founded in 1348 with Baroque facade.
Worth seeing is also the Powder Tower
built in the 15th
century and restored in Neo-Gothic style. On the north side of the tower is the Municipal House
, a good example of the Czech Art-Nouveau style.
The whole area of the Old Town offers many further interesting historical sights e.g. an extensive complex of Clementinum housing the National Library, Romanesque Chapel of Holy Rood, Gothic Bethlehem Chapel, etc.
Old Town Bridge Tower
Old Town Bridge Tower is actually the entrance gate from the Old Town to the Charles Bridge, designed by Petr Parler. One of the most beautiful Gothic towers in Europe. The tower contains copies of the enthroned figures of CharlesIV and Wenceslas IV. Over the archway is a row of carved emblems of territoriesbelonging to Charles's Empire.