Czech RepublicsipkaRegion by regionsipkaPraguesipkaDistrict by district

Prague can be divided into following parts:
Old Town
New Town
Little Quarter (Lesser Town)

Europe had many fortified towns in the 13th century. Prague, with its status of an important trading centre, had an increasing population and therefore Emperor Charles IV. decided to found a new town with its own right and privileges. The founding charter was dated from the 8th of March 1348. It is the first town in central Europe built according to a concrete project. In 1347 the town was planned south-east from the fortifications of Prague. According to the plan the New Town of Prague extends around the east and south sides of the Old Town.
The streets were surveyed, fortifications and gates built and lands sold. The last stage was the construction of houses. New inhabitants were for 12 years freed from taxes, which made the town attractive for new settlers. And so - if we follow reports the Old Town records - "the stinky and noisy craftsmen moved to this New Town". At least 2000 people worked on this project for many years and Emperor Charles IV. co-worked with the architects. The construction work was finished in 1367. There were three big market places: The Cattle Market, today's Karlovo namesti (Charles Square), the Horse Market, today's Wenceslas Square and the Hay Market, today's Senovazne namesti (Haywain Square).
Today you can still see the symbol of autonomy of this town - The New Town Hall. The square was supposed to be the main square of the town. It is more than that. Its 80 000 metres2 make it the biggest square in Europe.
After the unification of Prague in 1784 the centre shifted to Wenceslas and the Old Town' s squares. Karlovo namesti was in the 19th century turned into a park.
The New Town was, except for few churches, monasteries and palaces, torn down at the end of the 19th century. The original urban plan remained because the streets were already broad enough in the 14th century. One of the streets is, in fact, used as the main highway ever today. Wenceslas Square underwent fast development at the beginning of this century when the National Museum - MUSEUM REGNI BOHEMIAE was built in its upper part.

The Little Quarter (Lesser Town) was established already in 1257, built on the slopes below Prague Castle. In 1541 it was badly damaged by a great fire and than erected again during 17th and 18th century.
Hradcany was founded in 1321, during the reign of John of Luxemburg, with the purpose of housing all the employees of the Castle nearby. The gothic part of this district disappeared during the 1400's and overall because of the devastating fire of 1541. Hradcany depended directly on the Castle until 1598 when Rudolf II. allowed the founding of a town hall. From that year, the district was an independent town and it became part of the city of Prague in 1774.
Photo gallery

point   Czech Republic
point   History CZ
point   Useful information
point   Tourist attractions
point   Region by region
point   Prague
point   District by district
point   Old town
point   New Town
point   Little Quarter (Lessertown)
point   Hradcany
point   Southern Prague
point   Northern Prague
point   Western Prague
point   Eastern Prague
point   Prague attractions
point   History of Prague
point   Entertainment
point   Tourist info
point   How to get there
point   Central Bohemia
point   Northern Bohemia (Liberec)
point   North-West Bohemia (Usti nad Labem)
point   Western Bohemia (Karlovy Vary)
point   South-West Bohemia (Plzen)
point   Southern Bohemia (Ceske Budejovice)
point   South-East Bohemia (Jihlava)
point   Eastern Bohemia (Pardubice)
point   North-East Bohemia (Hradec Kralove)
point   Southern Moravia (Brno)
point   South-East Moravia (Zlin)
point   Northern Moravia (Ostrava)
point   North-west Moravia (Olomouc)
point   Interactive map of the Czech republic
point   Activities
home  Back to homepage
summary  My cart (0 item(s))

Dovolená Egypt | Dovolená Řecko | Dovolená Turecko | Dovolená Tunisko

Last minute Egypt | Last minute Řecko | Last minute Turecko | Last minute Tunisko

Prague Apartments for rent

Prague apartments

Prague apartments for rent and hotels - Accommodation in Prague and the Czech Republic -

Need immediate help or consultation? Go to the on-line discussion with our operators or contact us on:
CZ - Prague - phone +420-224 990 990-7, fax +420-224 990 999, toll free numbers: 800 800 722 (CZ),
e-mail or ICQ 267010033.
Accommodation in Prague & Czech Republic |  Prague Tours |  Theatre Tickets |  Rent a Car |  Transfers | Site Map

Secure online payments are provided by globalpayments Europe.