Czech RepublicsipkaRegion by regionsipkaSouthern Moravia (Brno)sipkaVyskov district

This district city of 22,000 inhabitants is located at Vyskov Gate on the Hana River. The oldest history of the city is not captured in writing; however, the early origins of the city are indicated by archeological findings and its suitable location on an important business route between Kromeriz and Olomouc.
The earliest extant document from Vyskov is dated 1131. At the beginning of the 13th century this estate belonged to the bishops of Olomouc, and it remained in their possession for more than 600 years. At the beginning of the 13th century, the original market town grew into a trade town (draperies, linen, pottery). Significant income was provided by tolls, which were collected as early as 1248. The location of the city, though generally favorable, was dangerous during war times. Between the 15th and 17th centuries, Vyskov was destroyed and burned several times.
The original city was not large. The center was formed by a triangular square and streets at adjacent angles. It was enclosed by a wall with three gates, and the silhouette of the city was created by the towers of the chateau, the city hall and the tall Gothic church.
Folk pottery numbers among the important features of Vyskov's past. In the 19th century, Vyskov was the center of "folk china", and there is an exposition of such pottery in the museum. The biggest boom of the city occurred in the 17th century under the reign of Charles Lichtenstein-Kastelkorn, when Italian operas took place at the castle, and the bishop established a mint. At that time, Vyskov was known as "Moravian Versailles". After the end of the Napoleonic wars, the city was extended beyond the original borders, the city gates were torn down, and Vyskov experienced a new economic and cultural stage.
We recommend to tourists that they visit a number of monuments. They will find historical monuments from Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque times, such as the Gothic hospital chapel of St. Anna; the originally-Gothic Church of the Ascension of the Virgin Mary, rebuilt to Baroque style; the Renaissance city hall; the plague column; and the oldest structure in Vyskov - the archbishop's castle, a 14th century structure which was originally Gothic, later rebuilt in Renaissance style.

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