Czech language, language spoken by most of the inhabitants of the Czech Republic. It forms, together with Slovak, Polish, and High and Low Sorbian (also called Wendish), the western branch of the Slavic languages .Slovak, the language of Slovakia, closely resembles Czech. Both languages used the Czech literary language until the middle of the 19th
century, when a separate Slovak literary language, based on a dialect of central Slovakia, was created. In current usage, the two languages show only slight phonetic and syntactic differences. Slovak has a somewhat more archaic sound system, whereas Czech is somewhat more conservative in its inflections.
Foreigners speak Czech
In latest years the interest for Czech language is growing up. The tendency is to study various and not well-known languages (nowadays everybody learn foreign languages). Czech can be a mean of other knowledge (when young people from Asia, Africa or Latin America comes to study at Universities in Czech Republic). What troubles the foreigners must overcome when they want to learn Czech? It's dependent on their native language - how much it is different from Czech (but sometimes it cannot be useful when foreign language is similar as native language because students often have tendency to replace some expressions etc.)
From the phonetic point Czech is especially famous by its r acute. It is very difficult for foreign students to learn how to pronounce this consonant. Similarly for Czech students it's hard to articulate e.g. French r which is in French language rear sound but in Czech this consonant is fore sound (and rear pronunciation of r is considered between the Czechs as incorrect). But even other consonants as e.g. ch or c can make learning Czech unpleasant.
For good understanding it can be also important national rate of speech. Japanese people and the Italians are generally considered as awfully fast speakers. But some foreigners mean that even the Czechs has very quick rate of talk.
Czech top phrases:
1. Prosim (pro-seem)
Possibly the most useful word in Czech. It means: 1) please, 2) here you are, 3) you're welcome, 4) what did you say?
2. Dekuji (dyeh-kooyoo)
Thank you, a universally useful phrase.
3. Ano (ah-noh)
Yes. Ano is often shortened to no, something resulting in cross-language confusion.
4. Ne (neh)
No. Fairly straight-forward and direct.
5. Dobry den (dob-ree den)
Hello, Good afternoon. Use with people you don't know or who are superior you.
6. Nashledanou (nus-hle-dah-no)
Good bye. Again, use with people you don't know.
7. Ahoj (ah-hoy)
Hi or Bye. Much like Aloha this word can be used both when meeting and leaving.
8. Kde je toaleta? (kdeh yeh toh-ah-le-ta)
Where is the toilet? Obviously useful but getting you into the realm of phrases where you need to understand the answer.
9. Kolik to stoji? (koh-leek toh stoh-yee)
How much is it?
10. Co je to? (tso yeh toh)
What is it? This phrase is especially useful to expand your vocabulary.